AFCON marchers
AFCON marchers
Stop TB event
STOP TB event
KICK TB event
Durban Conference Participant making a pledge to stop TB in children

June marked International Children’s Month – a time to both celebrate the rights and dreams of children all over the world as well as to address challenges that can prevent children from surviving and thriving.

In South Africa, tuberculosis (TB) in children remains one of these challenges and is among the top five causes of death in children under 15. In 2011, there were 47,571 confirmed cases of TB among children – approximately 15-20% of the total number of cases in South Africa. Experts agree that the reported number of childhood TB cases likely underestimates the actual burden of TB in children. Identifying and diagnosing TB and MDR TB in children remains difficult, as the disease may present non-specific symptoms among children. Furthermore, routine diagnostic tests for TB are not child friendly, as it is difficult to collect sputum specimens from infants and young children. Laboratory tests used to find TB in sputum are less likely to have a positive result in children (as children are more likely to have TB disease caused by a smaller number of bacteria).

The USAID TB Program South Africa participated at the 4th annual national TB conference in Durban from June 10-13, 2014. The conference centered around the theme “working together to eradicate TB” feature three thematic tracks to address key issues hampering elimination of TB – detection and prevention of TB, TB treatment, and TB management. More than 1500 participants are expected to attend.

The USAID TB Program South Africa had a strong presence at the conference, highlighting its work in TB over the past five years and assisting the National Department of Health and other partners to map the way forward for TB eradication in the country.

Terms of Reference:
In-Country MDR-TB Technical Advisor for Assistance with Tuberculosis Global Fund Grant Implementation

The US Government (USG) is the largest bilateral TB donor for most developing countries and is one of the largest global TB donors. USG TB bilateral funds play an important role in contributing to the WHO Stop TB Strategy primarily through global leadership, globally-relevant research, and technical assistance to countries. For the most part, these activities are not supported by Global Fund resources, and are needed to support the successful implementation of National TB Program (NTPs) strategic plans and Global Fund (GF) grants.

Grantee Spotlight

Since 2009, TB Program South Africa has provided 85 grants to 67 non-governmental organizations (NGOs) in all nine provinces in South Africa. The project is currently on its 4th wave of funding, and more grantees are being added all the time.

Many grantees have pioneered innovative models of service delivery and community outreach, such as injection teams for MDR-TB patients and door-to-door TB and HIV screening, which can serve as models for other organizations working to combat TB and TB/HIV throughout the country, particularly among vulnerable and hard-to-reach populations.

To learn more about the TB Program South Africa Small Grants Program, check out the grantee spotlight booklet here:

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